The official website for The Settlers of Catan

Question about Barbarians & Traders Merchant Outpost - If the production roll increases the number of commerce points of my game partner’s Trade Academy, do I lose my Merchant Outpost before it earns me 1 resource?

Answer

No. It still earns you 1 resource before it is removed.

Note: The Trade Academy belongs to the theme sets "Science & Progress", which is part of the Catan Card Game – Expansion Set.